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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 85-90

Effects of psychological capital and self-esteem on emotional and behavioral problems among adolescents

Department of Psychiatric Social Work, LGB Regional Institute of Mental Health, Tezpur, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Arif Ali
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, LGB Regional Institute of Mental Health, Tezpur-784001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmhhb.jmhhb_59_19

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Background: Psychological capital (PsyCap) and self-esteem can potentially affect mental health among adolescents and can be used effectively to cope with stress. Aim and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between PsyCap, self-esteem, emotional, and behavioral problems and to determine the extent to which PsyCap and self-esteem predict the variability in the emotional and behavioral problems of school-going adolescents. Methodology: The present study was cross-sectional, and schools were selected using purposive sampling technique. A total of 387 samples were included based on the Krejcie and Morgan method to determine the sample size. Sociodemographic datasheet, PsyCap Questionnaire, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (self-report) were administered. Results: The prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems was found to be 21.6% (abnormal level), and self-esteem had a negative correlation with emotional and behavioral problems (r = −0.208 P < 0.01) and a positive correlation with PsyCap (r = 0.409; P < 0.01). Self-esteem was found to be a significant predictor for emotional and behavioral problems. Conclusion: Emotional and behavioral problems of the adolescent population are closely related to self-esteem and PsyCap. Building PsyCap and self-esteem can strengthen the mental health of adolescents.

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