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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-40

Sociodemographic predictors of perceived expressed emotions and self-esteem in persons with obsessive-compulsive disorder


1 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Centre of Excellence for Mental Health, INHS, Asvini, Colaba, Mumbai, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Asst. Prof. Lokesh Kumar Ranjan
Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, G E Road, Dewada Chowk, Kopedih Road, Rajnandgaon - 491 441, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmhhb.jmhhb_171_21

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Background: The attitude and emotions of the family member toward persons with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have a negative effect on perceived experiences of expressed emotion and self-esteem. It is crucial to observe expressed emotion and self-esteem for better treatment outcomes in OCD. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the sociodemographic predictors of perceived expressed emotion and self-esteem in persons with OCD. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional comparative study conducted among persons with OCD on treatment from the outpatient department of the Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (CIIMHANS), Dewada, Chhattisgarh, India, and normal controls from neighboring areas (Dewada and Kopedih) of the CIIMHANS. A total of 150 persons with OCD and 150 normal controls were selected purposefully. The sociodemographic datasheet, clinical datasheet, family emotional involvement and criticism scale, and Rosenberg self-esteem scale were used for the comparative assessment. Results: Self-esteem was found to have a significant negative correlation with occupation and a positive correlation with family income. Expressed emotion (EE) showed a significant negative correlation with gender, family type, family income, and self-esteem. On the regression analysis, sociodemographic variables including gender, education, occupation, and family income were found to be significant predictors of EE, whereas occupation was found to be a significant predictor of self-esteem. Conclusion: The present study corroborates that sociodemographic factors are associated and had a predictive role in negative experiences of EEs and unfavorable self-esteem in persons with OCD.


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