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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-59

Comprehensive mental health facets and their correlates amid “The New Normal” pandemic: How do adolescents differ from adults?

1 Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India
2 Department of Geriatric Mental Health, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shweta Singh
Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmhhb.jmhhb_241_21

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Objective: The present study aimed to compare the comprehensive mental health facets of adolescents with the adults. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design with 1,027 participants (456 adolescents; 347 young and 224 middle age adults). The Comprehensive Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 self-rated Level 1 cross-cutting symptom measure, perceived stress scale, and brief COPE were used. Chi-square test of independence and spearman rank correlational analysis was performed. Results: 33.77% of adolescents, 25.65% of young adults, and 17.41% of middle-aged adults reported that their symptoms started during the pandemic. Adolescents reported higher depression, anxiety, suicidal ideations, anger, and somatic complaints. Significantly higher adolescent females (39.9%) were found to have sleep disturbances than their male counterparts (25.5%). The correlational analysis showed that most mental health domains, except substance use, showed moderate-to-low correlations with the “impact of COVID-19.” Conclusion: This study observed that adolescents to be more clinically vulnerable in the domains of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideations, anger, and somatic complaints. Middle-aged adults should further be seen as a clinically vulnerable population for substance use during the new normal. This research indicates the need for further extensive research on assessment and management. Also, it provides a comprehensive analysis for clinical decision-making and policy development to combat the mental health problems in the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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